Some mathematical aspects of Density Functional Theory

Professor Eric Cances
Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, France


Electronic structure calculations are commonly used to understand and predict the electronic, magnetic and optic properties of molecular systems and materials. They are also at the basis of ab initio molecular dynamics, the most reliable technique to investigate the atomic scale behavior of materials undergoing chemical reactions (oxidation, crack propagation, ...). In the first part of my talk, I will briefly review the foundations of the density functional theory for electronic structure calculations. In the second part, I will present some recent achievements in the field, as well as open problems. I will focus in particular on the mathematical modelling of defects in crystalline materials.