These programs show complete sample programs for using Modern OpenGL.
These programs are based on older
legacy OpenGL programs
which were written for the book
3D Computer Graphics: A mathematical approach with OpenGL,
by Sam Buss, Cambridge University Press, 2003. It is hoped that in the near future, all of
those legacy OpenGL programs will be translated to Modern OpenGL, to support
the course Math155A/B at UCSD during Winter and Spring 2017.
These programs are still UNDER DEVELOPMENT. Corrections or improvements (minor and major)
will be very much welcomed!
Some programs are supplied with Visual Studio 2015 project and workspace files; however, the
source files should work with other compilers and on other systems as well.
need to have OpenGL, GLFW, and GLEW installed: namely, the header files to compile programs
and the object libraries to link and run the programs. See below for more on
obtaining GLFW and GLEW.
I. Getting started with basic features.
shows how to draw points, lines, line strips, line loops, and triangles.
It includes simple vertex and fragment shaders.
It accepts keyboard inputs to update the scene.
shows how to draw triangles, triangle strips, and triangle fans; how to use
an orthographic projection matrix, how to use model view matrices, and to do
a simple rotational animation.
animates a simple solar system with a sun, an earth and a moon. It uses
a perspective projection matrix and implements a
hierarchical use of modelview matrices.
It contains simple animation controls, and uses GlGeomSphere to
render spheres. (COMING SOON)
illustrates drawing multiple triangle strips in four of the basic
drawing modes for OpenGL: glDrawArrays, glDrawElements, glMultiDrawElements,
and glDrawElements with Primitive Restart.
illustrates detecting mouse clicks, and drawing straight-line segments joining
II. Utilities and helper classes
C++ classes encapsulating some simple geometric shapes. (UNDER FURTHER DEVELOPMENT)
- GlLinearMath gives
C++ classes for vectors, matrices, quaternions, and miscellaneous
- GlShaderMgr C++ classes
for reading GLSL shader programs from files, for compiling and linking
them, and for working with vertex attributes and uniform data items
across multiple shaders. (UNDER FURTHER DEVELOPMENT)
gives a C++ class for reading and writing textures to and from
bitmap (.bmp) files.
III. Programs with more complex shaders
is a "re-do" of SimpleAnimModern, but now loading the shaders's source code
from a file, using the above GlShaderMgr class.
illustrates both Phong lighting with Gouraud shading and Phong lighting with Phong shading.
Allows several viewing options, including seeing the different light components
separately. Uses the GlShaderMgr class to load shaders formed more than one
illustrates a simple case of how to use a single texture map.
illustrates how to use four texture maps at once. It also illustrates
how use glDrawElementsBaseVertex.
If you have a compiler installed on your computer,
it very likely comes with the needed OpenGL headers
and libraries, but you still need the GLFW and GLEW headers and libraries.
GLFW provides a platform-independent (more-or-less) interface to OpenGL so that the
same code can be used for different operating systems, including Windows, Macs, and Linux.
GLEW is the "OpenGL Extension Wrangler Library
": it tracks which features ("extensions")
of OpenGL are available in your computer system, and is simplifies the interface
GLFW files are available from
http://www.glfw.org. For Windows machines,
the header files and binary files (library files) are available for
direct download, by clicking on the "Download" header on that web page.
After you obtain the header files (.h) and the Windows library files (.lib),
install them on your system (as administrator) in
the same location as GL/glu.h and glu32.lib.
Installing the .dll files should not be necessary, as it is recommended to
use static linkage. If you do not have administrator privileges, you may
instead store the files locally.
For non-Windows machines, you will need to compile GLFW from its source code:
this is also available at http://www.glfw.org/
along with CMake files.
If you compile and link with makefiles instead of using Visual Studio projects,
you may wish to remove the #pragma commands in the .cpp files.
GLEW files are available from
Installation directions are the same as for GLFW above.
Acknowledgements: I initially started learning Modern OpenGL
primarily from the OpenGL Programming Guide,
Ninth Edition (Kindle version), and
the Learn OpenGL website
by Joey de Vries.
Books on Modern OpenGL include the OpenGL Programming Guide
and the OpenGL Super Bible; if you get one, be sure it is for
OpenGL 4.2 or later. The LearnOpenGL website also provides a PDF version of itself
available for download as a complete online book.
For somewhat denser reading, the official specification
of OpenGL 4.5 is available online at